Thursday, February 7, 2013

Testicular pain

Testicular pain is pain that occurs at or around one or both testicles. Testicular pain has a number of possible causes. The testicles are very sensitive organ, and even a minor injury can cause testicular pain or discomfort at this level. Testicular pain can occur in the testicles themselves or structures that are still behind them (epididymis). Testicular pain can be caused by other problems arising in the scrotum or lower abdomen.

Severe testicular pain that occurs suddenly may be a sign of testicular torsion - a twisted testicle can quickly lose vascularization. This condition requires emergency medical intervention to prevent loss of the affected testicle.

Article Contents:

Medical consultation
Tips for Care
Treatment of testicular pain


Testicular pain can be caused by many diseases that can be localized to the testes or elsewhere in the scrotum.

These can include:
- Infection with chlamydia;
- Epididymitis (inflammation of the testicles);
- Hydrocele (swelling of the scrotum);
- Inguinal hernia;
- Kidney stones;
- Mumps;
- Orchitis (testicular inflammation);
- Retractile testicle (a testicle that retracts into the abdomen - a condition that occurs in boys);
- Scrotal tumors;
- Spermatocele (accumulation of fluid in the testicle);
- Testicular trauma;
- Testicular torsion (twisted testicle);
- Testicular cancer;
- Varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum).

Medical consultation

Emergency Call your doctor if the patient has:
- Testicular pain sudden severe;
- Testicular pain accompanied by nausea, fever, chills and blood in urine.

Schedule a medical examination if the patient has:
- Light testicular pain that persist for several days;
- Swelling or edema or around the testicles.

Tips for Care

Steps below relieves pain testicular easy:
- Managing a release without a prescription painkiller such as aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, except in situations where medical contraindications for administration. Children should not be given aspirin;
- Supporting the scrotum with a sports suspension or a folded towel when the patient is lying.

Treatment of testicular pain

Home Care
In general, you should see emergency care if pain occurs suddenly, especially if the pain is severe or associated with nausea.
- Applying an ice pack to the scrotum to help relieve pain and swelling. Ice has proven effective in increasing the time that a testicle can survive with low blood flow. Ice should be wrapped in a cloth, not applied directly to the scrotum;
- Administration of pain medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, which can be effective in the short-term.

Medical treatment

The doctor will always recommend analgesics. In general, ice helps reduce pain and swelling.

Other treatments depend on the cause of the pain:
- Torsion: Testicular torsion requires emergency urological surgery performed by a doctor who specializes in kidney and genital surgery. Before surgery, your doctor may try to reduce hand torque to temporarily relieve the problem;

-Epididymitis: antialergical in addition to medication, the doctor will give the patient antibiotics for 7-10 days;
- The type of antibiotic used depends on the patient's age and the possible presence of allergies to certain medications;
- In rare cases, the patient will be hospitalized;
- Torsion of testicular appendices: doctor can offer no specific treatment for this problem besides ice and pain relievers. The pain should go away in a week;
- Hernia: hernia requiring usually surgery. If the patient experiences severe pain that cannot be improved, the doctor can use immediately to surgery;
- Tumor: if the patient has testicular cancer, it will be referred to an urologist to complete treatment;
- Rupture or hematocele: An urologist will assess the problem and can often perform surgery.

Wednesday, December 26, 2012


Epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis, a long tube and twisted positioned above and behind each testicle and that is designed to collect and store the sperm produced by the testicles before the ejaculation.

Most often this inflammation of the epididymis can expand easily and the testes due to anatomical proximity organs. Also, be known turn, prevents inflammation in most cases only in the epididymis is one of the testicles, but there are situations when the damage is on both sides.

Signs of illness

Appearance epididymitis usually occurs suddenly, within a few hours. The patient suffered pain in the scrotum half the epididymis is affected. Pain intensity increases progressive and quickly extending even to the region between the thigh and hip. This trend is caused by the fact that increases in volume epididymis becomes palpable and tender and creates pain. Also, half of the affected scrotum grows in size and volume doubling in a few hours and scrotal skin becomes stretched, tensing and red.
With the evolution of the disease, inflammation may extend to the testicles and fluid accumulates in the scrotum (collection of pus). Also, of 39-40 degrees Celsius fever accompanied by chills.

In addition, another sign of epididymitis is that the patient accuses difficult urination accompanied by pain and urinary disorders.

Causes of epididymitis

Epididymis and testicle inflammation can be caused by various factors differ depending on age. The condition can occur even in children is most commonly caused by urinary tract infections.

Epididymis infection in young men is associated with sexually transmitted diseases (especially gonorrhea) because germs can attack untreated venereal disease and testicular and epididymal tissue.

Adult males may be multiple causes of illness. Viral infections (such as pneumonia caused by ECHO or Coxsackie viruses) may be accompanied by epididymitis virus, symptoms are fever, diarrhea and muscle pain. Another disease that can cause epididymitis is renal tuberculosis, infection of the epididymis is the first sign of urinary tuberculosis disease.

Epididymitis can occur in accidents, bleeding or bruising affecting the testicular tissue. Finally, tropical diseases (such as lymphatic stasis) caused by a parasite called spinning can be a cause epididymitis production.

In older men's enlargement of the prostate causing urinary elimination problems, which leads to the occurrence of urinary tract infections. In many cases because of the introduction catheter due to urinary bladder endoscopy can occur inflammatory process that can extend to the epididymis.

Evolution of epididymitis

Where epididymitis is not treated properly it can become chronic, serious consequence can be sterility caused by sperm duct obstruction. Untreated chronic inflamed testicle and atrophy should be removed.

Treatment of epididymitis

Treatment for epididymitis should be established quickly to avoid the occurrence of complications. Thus, signs of the disease will disappear completely after 10 days and after 20-30 days epididymis will return to normal size and consistency.

Main method of treatment is antibiotics and NSAIDs. Allopathic treatment may be accompanied by herbal remedies, especially the anti-inflammatory herbs such as basil, chamomile, milfoil or mallow which will be pumped into the ...

In terms of personal care, the patient will have to undergo a few days of rest and bed rest. He will follow testicle skin protection by anointing with Vaseline or other natural soothing ointments and testicles will support. Not least should avoid sexual intercourse to reduce the risk of transmission of infection to the partner.

Friday, November 30, 2012

Epididymal Hypertension (Blue Balls)


"Blue balls" is actually a term that describes a congestion of blood in the scrotum and prostate region. This congestion is often accompanied by pain, discomfort or cramping.

The main cause of this phenomenon is the prolonged sexual stimulation or arousal condition in which the penis is erect, but without orgasm or ejaculation to occur.

During arousal, the sympathetic nervous system is off and there is an increase of the amount of blood that reaches the scrotum, testicles and prostate region. As this happens, the muscles in that region shrinks and this greater quantity into that area than leaving the area. The purpose of this elevated amounts in this area is to maintain erection during intercourse.

For not reach orgasm or ejaculation, the blood becomes more oxygen-poor, but not leave the area. This is because in some cases it produces a bluish scrotum, hence the name of Blue Balls. (the blood enters first in the area is red and the more stagnant due to oxygenation more, losing oxygen and turns blue)
During the process vasoconstriction, testicles increase their size by 25-50%.

The fastest way to get rid of pain caused either by masturbation or ejaculation is through sexual intercourse. Ejaculation activates the sympathetic nervous system which helps dissipate blood in that area. Even without ejaculation, the symptoms disappear over time, but the pain and discomfort at first not negligible. Usually disappears after one hour.

Another way to get rid of pain is either a cold shower or immersing that area or scrotum in cold water, which increases blood circulation in the body and this in that area.

Those who suffer from priapism may suffer from an extreme form of this phenomenon and requires medical treatment.

Interestingly, women can suffer from this phenomenon. Women's genitals are also irrigated with blood in increased amounts during arousal and intercourse which causes congestion. If you do not reach orgasm may feel pelvic pressure and sometimes pain.